10 Psychological Facts About Yourself: One of the most unknown and at the same time most intensely studied objects is the person himself. Despite the fact that many patterns of human psychology have already been established and even confirmed, a lot of “white spots” remain in this area.
Yes, in some cases, specialists have already learned to predict the behavior of people (and groups of people), but here they often continue to make mistakes. Nevertheless, there is already a set of facts and patterns that have been confirmed. We intend to acquaint you with the ten most notable and unexpected ones.
So, let’s get started.
1. The most complex combination of colors for Human Perception is Blue with Red:
At first glance, this combination of colors is one of the most noticeable and yet not annoying. That is why it is often used in various symbols (national flags, emblems of sports societies, commercial logos, etc.). However, it has been experimentally proved that this combination most intensively contributes to the appearance of the “chromomeriopis” effect, when objects of this color visually approach the observer, while others – move away from him, which causes rapid fatigue of the eyes. It is easier, but also it is difficult to perceive a combination of red and green.
2. People see Objects not as they Perceive them:
A series of experiments conducted in Cambridge made it possible to prove unambiguously that the exact order of letters usually does not have much importance for reading a word by a person. The main thing is that in its place the first letter and the last remain. At the same time, if most of the remaining letters are mixed or missing, people successfully read the text. This is due to the fact that when reading a person does not perceive individual letters, but (at least) words in general. And some people perceive as whole objects, not even individual words, but whole phrases.
3. A person is able to Concentrate his Attention for NO Longer than 10 minutes:
It is noticed that even if the object of attention to a person is interesting, people cannot maintain the maximum concentration of attention for longer than 10 minutes. After that concentration inevitably decreases, and the level of perception worsens. To be able to fully concentrate on the object, it is necessary to distract for a while.
4. The ability to Postpone the Fulfillment of Desire appears and develops in Childhood:
The ability of a person to postpone for a time the satisfaction of the arisen desire appears in early childhood and develops throughout life, but again, most intensely, precisely in the early period of life. Children who have developed this ability well usually do better in school, and later plan their lives better (and more importantly, adhere to the earlier plan) and ultimately achieve more serious successes. Insufficient development of this ability seriously complicates a person’s life, often becoming the true reason for the commission of illegal actions (with all the negative consequences for him).
5. Approximately 30% of the Time people are engaged in that … just Dream:
Psychologists say that every person is necessarily given some time to dreams, and this is done by almost a third (30%) of his time. And some devote more time to dreams. And one can not say unambiguously that it is harmful. The same psychologists noticed that it is the “dreamers” who are distinguished by their ingenuity and find ways and means to solve various problems.
6. The time needed to develop a Habit:
Studies devoted to the timing of the development and consolidation of habits showed that on average, in order for some action to become a habit, it takes about 66 days. In this case, the simpler the algorithm of such an action (and the more pleasant it is for a person), the less time it takes to fix it as a habit. And on the contrary, it takes more time to develop a habit for complex (and initially unattractive) actions. So, the control group, which developed the habit of doing morning exercises, did this on average almost 1.5 times longer than the group that developed the habit of eating fruit. It is also noted that skipping one or two times does not affect the term of fastening habits, but this process slows down very much when a person misses several days in a row.
7. People tend to Overestimate their reaction to Events that may occur in the Future:
In general, people do not predict the future very well. And while they generally tend to overestimate their own reaction to hypothetically possible events, regardless of their positive or negative direction. So, for example, marriage or large cash winnings in reality bring much less happiness than anticipated. Likewise, such unpleasant events as dismissal and trauma from an accident are not as tragic as they seemed before they were accomplished.
8. In any Disappointment, a person is inclined to blame another person or a situation, but not Himself:
Let us recall the bearded anecdote, which ends with the phrase “But what for?”. Those who invented it very accurately noticed this psychological pattern. Let’s remember the classical situation when a person is late for a pre-arranged meeting. Each of us has repeatedly appeared in the role of being late and in the role of “waiting.” Those who wait, the reason for the delay of his partner sees in his personal qualities (disorganization, slowness, etc.), even if he does not say it out loud. The person who is late is sincerely sure that the road situation, the breakdown of the alarm clock or some other force majeure circumstance are to blame.
9. The Maximum possible number of Friends – Of Course:
Despite the fact that some manage to collect tens of thousands of “friends” in social networks, the real number of people with whom a person is able to maintain friendly relations is much less. Anthropologists and psychologists have long deduced the “Dunbar number”, which determines the maximum possible number of “close ties” for a person. Its value varies from 50 to 150.
10. For food, danger, and sex, every person pays his attention always:
Places where there have been crimes or accidents gather crowds of onlookers. The most box-office genres of cinema are “militants”, “horror movies” and “sex.” All this is not news. The fact is that in the human brain there is a special structure that is responsible for collecting information concerning survival. It is she who demands continuous replenishment of a kind of “database” devoted to questions like “Is it dangerous? How to avoid? “,” Can I eat it? “,” Will I get sex? “, Etc.
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